Tunisia, In and Out

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In this documentary, Fattane Salim, unravels some new angles of the Tunisian nation’s revolution in her cultural and literary endeavors. She knows that these issues are indubitably part of the collective conscience of her country; and this young author investigates some of the problems afflicting her society both in the past and in present days. Given the deeply rooted discontent, rampant poverty and injustice, the presence of the ousted regime’s agents in the social and political structures of the post revolution administration, the unjust trial of Bin Ali and the unknown fate of his wealth and that of his wife who took refuge in Saudi Arabia and Qatar, would the Tunisian nation manage to make their demands realized and their respect restored? Can they see their economical problems and cultural woes solved?

TIME CODE: 00:00_05:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “What shall I do now? How great my desire is to leave you, I can’t control my will, it is betraying me, I lost my love, I can feel the scorch in my blood, while my brain is so clear, but my steps lost their path, I didn’t have to look at your eyes, you lady among the crowd be merciful to me, I can hear the sound of stampede under my skin, and like a lily thirsty to the spring I do bend and wash my body in it. My lady, should there be any humiliation for me in his love, please do not humiliate me because my sole mixed with his, who can separate water from water? Do not come close to me!My name is Sara Al-Hilaywi; I’m 25 years old, born in Al-Mahdiya, since 6 years I’ve been living in the Capital, while my family members are still living in Al-Mahdiya. I’m here due to my study which has lasted for 4 years and graduated from the higher institute for theatrical art.”

A play

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Lady: “Where?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Man: “In Tunisia.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Lady: “In Tunisia? Oh my God, Don’t tell me your supporters are from those who have been displaced!”

TIME CODE: 05:00_10:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Huda Lizji, Sara’s friend: “My name is Huda Lizji; I’m from Bait Zianah, studying at the higher institute for theatrical art. I have been living in Tunisia the capital for almost 3 years, and I know Sara since that time, at the last year of our study we both shared one accommodation. Sara is a cheerful girl but a little bit nervous, she is influenced by her father in her writings, her father, at God’s mercy, was a theatrical writer, Sara loves writing very much, there is another friend here”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zohoor Al-Abidi, Sara’s friend: “I do live in Susah city, I’m still a student, I came here with my sister Asmaa, Sara’s friend, who is sharing accommodation with her, I came in order to have fun and spend some time with them. Later, I met Sara, at the beginning I had an impression that she was arrogant and malicious, but in fact I found her cheerful and friendly, we used to spent time together having fun, and later I discovered she was preparing a book about Tunisian revolution. I shared with her the accommodation for a short time.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Ayat Barakat, Sara’s friend: “I’m Ayat Barakat, Sara Al-Hilaywi’s friend, living in Al-Misteer province. Sara was graduated from theatrical art, she is residing in the capital currently, she had left her province and moved to Tunisian capital for studying and working.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Asmaa Al-Abaidi, Sara’s friend: “My name is Asmaa Al-Abaidi, I’m in the second year at the higher institute for theatrical art. Sara is a nice and friendly girl, I knew her since 5 years ago, and I became acquainted with her during the display of the play called “Fiftieth” with Fathel Joeabi.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “It is difficult; the situation is not worth it, neither materialistic nor moral or psychological. What happened to this young man? He doesn’t have any mean of living, he finds difficulties in walking or even dreaming, all this convinced me to stand by him; I’m ambitious to write down those ambitions and ideas even in your love and admiration to others.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Asmaa Al-Abaidi, Sara’s friend: “Despite injustice, oppression and despotism Tunisia was in for almost 23 years, this danger came from the French colonialism, and then during the revolution with Borghaiba and finally with the ousted Bin Ali.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Ayat Barakat, Sara’s friend: “I think Sara would face several difficulties and problems, because it is not easy for a human being to know about events took place in the Tunisian politics. She must study a lot about Tunisia and its civilization during Borghaiba’s era till the time of the coup d’état and afterwards, because several events took place during the Tunisian revolution.”

TIME CODE: 10:00_15:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Asmaa Al-Abaidi, Sara’s friend: Until our time of the renaissance, this book, if God willing would be effective.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Ayat Barakat, Sara’s friend: “I would like very much to help her in this work, why not? She is my close friend, and if God willing, her research would be magnificent and the book would be fantastic with morale value.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Asmaa Al-Abaidi, Sara’s friend: “This book would be a good reference for next generation in order to know about the Tunisian revolution, it is important to have a book as a historic, revolutionary and documentary reference contains photos. For those who didn’t see the Tunisian revolution and live with it, they need to read the revolution in order to feel the changes in enlightenment and mind. In other words, the book should explain every single event for its reader.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Hello”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Vendor: “Hello.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Where is the route to Hamammat? Due to geographic strategic location of Tunisia, could you explain its economic and political situation?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: “Tunisia played a pioneer role with the Romans then with the Punics and later with Islam, because the area that was called African mountain, its capital was Al-Quairawan. For this particular reason, Tunisia was the starting point for the Islamic victories.”

TIME CODE: 15:00_20:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulhafith Hamid Banani, Political Attaché: “With regard to the previous period, Tunisia experienced different stages, Tunisia this green gem which is considered the gem of the Mediterranean. You are well aware that the French colonialism remained in Tunisia for more than eighty years, after the independence a group of elite that studied in Europe, I mean a secular and liberal elite, at the top of it was Al-Habib Bourghaiba, who reigned for a long period of time and then the bloodless coup d’état took place under the leadership of the ousted President Zain A-Abideen Bin Ali.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “Tunisia is a part of North-West Africa and it belongs to Arabic and Islamic nations.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fathi Al-Kasemi, Professor in Civilization- University of Tunisia: “They got to study modern sciences in pure Arabic language. After they conclude their studies in the morning session, they resume them in the afternoon in order to study history, geography, topography and engineering beside French and English languages.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Could you tell us please the way that President Bourghaiba chose to administer Tunisia?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “The greatest president Tunisia has ever seen, a magnificent leader, great struggler and patriotic.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Monsef Warkahi, Founder of Zemetghal School: “The French intelligent service imposed Bourghaiba as president upon Tunisian people. He was married to a French lady who was the niece of Mendes the commander of French troops in Tunisia.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, The Head of Al-Wafaa Movement Party: The French government had close and intimate relations with President Bourghaiba who was advocating for peace with Israel in his speeches, particularly in Jericho in 1959. President Bourghaiba was against President Nasser of Egypt who was calling for the liberation of Palestine while Bourghaiba was seeking a peaceful solution with Israel!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “Unfortunately, despite all sacrifices, bloodshed and bitter events followed that, Bourghaiba assumed the presidency, that matter constituted an insult for all those who lived that period of time and saw factories being burnt and people were losing their lives.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “Bourghaiba participated in the war for liberation that brought the country out of subordination to colonial powers and the country gained its independence. Moreover, he played a significant role in building a modern state and achieving big gains for the Tunisian nation. Firstly, he generalized the education, our nation is an enlightened one comparing to other nations, furthermore, Bourghaiba achieved an exclusive matter that relates to Tunisia only, he liberated the woman and since fifty years ago the Tunisian women have been enjoying a special status, be it cultural, social or economic, in addition to her participation in the Tunisian political scene.”

TIME CODE: 20:00_25:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Monsef Warkahi, Founder of Zemetghal School: “Bourghaiba was a traitor, his culture was pure French and he was anti Islam while Kemal Ataturk was his exemplar, Ataturk was a Jew and he was the man who nullified the Islamic caliphate in Turkey.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, The head of Wafaa movement party: “During the war, we used to distribute leaflets among the people, particularly in the poor quarters, but the regime decided to arrest us and send us to trial, it was a comprehensive campaign, later we were subjected to severe torture.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Were there political prisoners died while serving their sentences during Bin Ali’s reign?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “Yes, in fact there were too many assaults targeted juristic and political activists during Bin Ali’s era, I mean on daily basis, what we were facing under his rule was something normal!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, The Head of Al-Wafaa Movement Party: “All torture methods were based upon hanging, we were tied up like chickens then we were beaten up severely till we were bleeding.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “We were receiving such kinds of torture on daily basis; they as if they were our daily nourishment, behaviors of Bin Ali’s regime resembled the political police approach.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, The Head of Al-Wafaa Movement Party: “There were other methods of torture; I was subjected to them, for example, the regime’s mercenaries used to force me to take off my clothes and push me to lie on the ground during the cold days of winter while one of prison guards was putting his leg on my neck and the rest were beating me up by batons!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sameer Dealo, Human Rights Minister: “I was jailed from 1991 till 2001 on various accusations, such as conspiracy and joining a banned organization in addition to other accusations that were being fabricated to political prisoners. Normally, any prisoner would receive commutation of his sentence, but I served more than my sentence!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Monsef Warkahi, Founder of Zemetghal School: “Since early morning till evening, I used to have my time in talking and discussing freely in the prison; I was in one cell with Mr. Rashid Al-Ghanooshi and Mr.Hammad Al-Jabali (the Prime Minister), I was in charge of training the prisoners.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abdi, Veteran Prisoner: “How could such grave events crystallized in the country, events such as the black Thursday, events in Gafsa, bread riots and apprehending the leftist and Islamist students? Unfortunately, the military apparatus was used once to attack the politicians!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sameer Dealo, Human Rights Minister: “The torture process was an automatic case, particularly in the prison, but the interesting thing we were exposed to different types of torture in the prison, one of them was transferring us from a prison to another one frequently. I experienced 11 different detention centers, talking about them would take hours and hours!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Monsef Warkahi, Founder of Zemetghal School: “We were put with the criminals, thanks God, we were performing our daily prayers, thanks God for that.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Hi”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Thohoor: “Hi”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “How are you?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Thohoor: “Thanks God”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Lizghi: “Any news?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “I got to start from beginning with regard to everything, documents about everything; I can start off from Face book.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Thohoor: “Don’t worry, you can, and we can help you too.”

TIME CODE: 25:00_30:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “I do not know if it was right to notify my friends from the beginning that I was intending to start an investigation with regard to a particular program. All of them keep asking me and want to know the details; I feel frightened and can feel the weight of the responsibility I’m embarking upon.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Asmaa Al-Abaidi, Sara’s friend: “Those who are religious may practice the religion, we know Tunisia as a peaceful country, enjoys different freedoms, religion freedom, personal freedom, respect for mosques and all religious symbols, these things are not new for the Tunisian youth.”

A play

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A man: “Interrogation centers and crematories, you confiscated my home but the olive tree remained, and now you want to steal my language from me!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A lady: “What happened to you?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: “Even prior to the revolution the Tunisian women were engaged in various activities, either in cooperative activities or juristic activities, the reason is that most of the women were subjected to torture, displacement and expulsion due to their commitment to their brothers and husbands against dictatorship and suppression.

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Meddeb, Makhloof’s Wife: “The Tunisian woman is the mother and sister of the martyr, the martyr didn’t crystallize on his own, there was a lady behind him, the martyr reaches this sublime status due to his mother’s attention, because she brought him up. Should there be someone courageous and ready to do something special be sure there is a lady behind him!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A lady: “He is Mohammed, he looks like full moon, I love him very much, very much, and he used to go away for some time and when returned used to ask me about his father.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Meddeb, Makhloof’s Wife: “My father wouldn’t allow us, I mean myself and my sister Zozo and we would face many problems due to this matter.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alaya Allania, Islamic Historian: The freedom of choosing the costume must be respected, because even the west which was admired by Al-Habeeb Bourghaiba used to allow freedom of costume.”

TIME CODE: 30:00_35:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, The head of Wafaa movement party: “Whoever would attend the mosque was considered as an opponent, and whoever wears veil was categorized as anti regime, fanatic, reactionary and so on. Security forces used to apprehend girls and ladies wearing veils and would not free them unless they sign a pledge not to wear them again.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: “I do see the veil bestows more beauty upon the woman, I believe any lady must be respected for her choices; she must be respected for what she believes is suitable for her religion, I personally admire the lady that always preserves her beauty, the beauty of her soul, her body and her face that was granted by almighty God who said in the holy Koran: “We moulded Man into the finest form”! This beautiful creation by almighty God must be put in a beautiful frame; I do respect the lady with veil and her choice, while this veil must not be a factor for division and discord or a factor to distinguish her from the ladies who do not wear veils. Should there be any differences must not divide us, but on the contrary must unite us, because the national interest and our country’s interest must be put in front of all of us as Tunisians.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “I’m not an expert in religious matters; the veil won’t be a problem for me, that means it must be with me, I cannot imagine myself without a veil, it must be with me.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Basheer Kamel, Revolutionary from Tunisia: “I loved you, Tunisia my country, the land of my ancestors; I swear by God I loved you, and I’m shouting in a loud manner my blood and soul shall be sacrificed for the sake of Tunisia, I loved Tunisia my country I swear by God!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Basheer Kamel and a Girl Playing on a Lute, in a Joint Sing: “I loved you, Tunisia my country, the land of my ancestors, I swear by God I loved you, and I’m shouting in a loud manner my blood and soul shall be sacrificed for the sake of Tunisia.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Basheer Kamel, Revolutionary from Tunisia: “A revolution for a glorious and free land, all citizens were delighted and cheered up, I loved you, I swear by God, your name is lofty.”

TIME CODE: 35:00_40:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “Not only did Buazizi burn himself, there are many youths who lost their lives for the sake of their daily food and for bread. Nine months prior to Buazizi’s death Draimish was burnt and a couple of months prior to his death various youths were burnt as well.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver: “Hi”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fruits Seller: “Hi”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver: “How are you?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fruits Seller: “Fine, thanks”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver:Where can I find Buazizi’s house?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fruits Seller: Buazizi’s house is located in that quarter, close to the square. General center square, then you got to go to the right in order to enter the quarter.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver:God bless you.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “There was a huge explosion; some officials from the general union for work were arrested, while some people died because of the explosion, for that reason some people are saying the revolution started at that time, I mean in 2008.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver:Where can we find Buazizi’s house?You mean the second turn we’ve just passed it?God bless you.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver: Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “Many Tunisian citizens set themselves on fire prior to Buazizi but there was no uprising, after Buazizi some people burnt themselves but in vain, again there was no uprising!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver: “Hi.Where can we find Buazizi’s house?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A man:Buazizi’s house?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver: “Buazizi who passed away!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A man: “On the left.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver: “Hi! Where can find Buazizi’s house? That one who passed way!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, The head of Wafaa movement party: “I guess the side that embraced Buazizi and the classes close to it are the oppressed!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver: “I’m looking for Buazizi’s house.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A lady: “Buazizi’s house is not here, this place is not his birthplace.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver: I know his birthplace where he was buried. We were told about the old house where he was died.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A lady: “I told you the Western Noor quarter.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver:“Western Noor quarter.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Driver: Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “That event was a symbol for a particular condition by which Tunisia was prepared for.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Please, is Buazizi’s house here?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A man: “Mohammed’s mother was in the prison.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher:Really”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A man:May God bless you.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Was it for her son’s case?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A man: “No, for another case!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Oh! Another case.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A man: “She remained one week in the detention.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Oh my father, I hope your prayers escort me tell I finish my work, and achieve the success I was looking for in this respect. Up to this moment I have no idea about the title of the book, you don’t know how much I wish to hear your voice again, if you were alive and joined us in these days, but it is almighty God’s predestination and his will in his creatures. To God we belong and to him is our return. (Direct us to the direct path, the path of the people you have blessed, who were not objects of your wrath, or strainers lost, amen)”.

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “What is the number?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara’s companion: “73”

TIME CODE: 40:00_45:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Thank you very much for receiving us at your home, we would like to know about Mohammed, and how he was living among you, how was his personality, and how was his behavior in the family?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mandoubia Buazizi, Mohammed’s mother: “Mohammed. At God’s mercy, he was very kind, his father passed away when he was three years old only. He grew up with affection and love. He would never leave me alone, he used to say: Mother, believe me I’ll assume my father’s responsibility. He was very helpful to me, from time to time; he would grant me a gift. Due to the demise of breadwinner of the family, I used to work everywhere in order to support my family. Mohammed was fond of reading.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “What do you want to convey to the world? Do you have anything to add?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mandoubia Buazizi, Mohammed’s mother: “If it wasn’t because of Bin Ali’s policies, Mohammed wouldn’t have gone to the prison, on the day of the opening session the governor told me your son made a mistake, I replied: never! My son brought the freedom, dignity and honor; he ignited a huge fire, a big revolution and a symbol for the country. Thanks God Mohammed entered the history!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Leila Buazizi, Mohammed’s sister: “Mohammed was respected within the family; I do not mean our small family only, but rather among all our relatives, all the surrounding people liked him since he was 10 years old, he used to serve everybody, he was a humble person.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “It is important to talk about your brother’s incident in details.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Leila Buazizi, Mohammed’s sister: “Everything happened accidently; he did not program that incident, he did not talk it over with his friends or relatives, the life became gloomy in his eyes, he was shouting: let them take me! Suddenly, whoever was in the vicinity saw the flame!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mandoubia Buazizi, Mohammed’s mother: “It was a very difficult moment. We did not know about him until somebody told me he was in a stable condition, after days of expectations and anticipations, almighty God’s mercy descended upon us and we heard the news of his death. May almighty God bless him?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “What happened to Mohammed Buazizi, the incident that overfilled the cup, does not belong to us as Tunisians only, other nations may be affected by it, that incident was the spark of the Tunisian revolution, this incident approved that the languages and hearts of the nations are harmonious, and this was the reality that attracted me, we as nations are sharing the weal and woe!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, The head of Wafaa movement party: “Our people were living in horrible conditions; corruption was spreading everywhere, as you are well aware corruption exhausts and depletes resources and country’s budget, it is not possible to carry out any national project while corruption is spreading dangerously in the governmental apparatuses.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Beji Caid Sebsi, Former Tunisian Prime Minister: “As I mentioned to you before, Bin Ali’s regime was an authoritarian one, there was no place for the people to express their views, it was well known for its corruption, this corruption means the misuse of resources by the minority, secondly all types of freedom were suppressed.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “All sentences against Bin Ali were in absentia, they do not mean anything for the Tunisians, because all our citizens would like to see Bin Ali in Tunisia as a criminal not as a president, they want to see him in front of the judiciary system disclosing all secrets surrounding him and his entourage, particularly that he was the most powerful man holding all threads in his hand. A just and public trial could add an important part of the history, more than two decades, to Tunisian history.”

TIME CODE: 45:00_50:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Abdi, Veteran Prisoner:The country with its citizens was bleeding because of Bin Ali’s policies and the savage families surrounding him. Thanks God, by their departure this bleeding has come to a halt, but we are seeking more than this, we are looking forward in retrieving the public money that belongs to the Tunisian people.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Meddeb, Makhloof’s wife: “There is a famous saying in this respect, which states: “Show mercy and be kind to the person who was honorable among his people”. Bin Ali was enjoying a glorious status, but now he has fallen to the lowest level!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Beji Caid Sebsi, Former Tunisian Prime Minister: “In fact, the case rotates around the dignity of the people, if the President misused his power and humiliated his people; I believe the people have the full right to rise against whoever insults them. But with respect to the trial, I believe it was just and fair and had all means for being just.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sara Al-Hilaywi, Writer and Researcher: “Life and marriage have become very difficult for our youth. I’m asking almighty God in my prayers to grant Ayman success in finding a job, and to assist me in my journey in writing in order to improve my income and help him.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: “In fact, after the runaway of the tyrant in a very humiliating manner to Saudi Arabia, I believe a conspiracy was crystallizing there.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Monsef Al-Marzouqi, Tunisian President: “What we are looking for is the people’s sovereignty. In other words, free and impartial elections, a new constitution and new legislative laws against absolutism, those hopes cannot be achieved under the auspices of the ruling party, the autocrat party that supported the dictatorship for more than a quarter century, this is not possible! In addition to that, this party has embraced the parties that were functioning during Bin Ali’s era, not the real political groups.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdul Hafeez Hammed Banani, Political Commentator: “The political scene in Tunisia seems fogy, it is not clear, there is the United States and its allies are trying to steal the revolution and deviate it from its compass, this matter is very important.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alaya Allania, Islamic Historian, Tunis University: “The case of administering the country depends upon the capabilities of Tunisians on supporting the understanding process, the ability of the current government in providing the minimum limits of economic and social needs and may be the security stability among our neighbors.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Beji Caid Sebsi, Former Tunisian Prime Minister: “If God willing, the Tunisian revolution is progressing with firm steps, despite the circumstantial difficulties and stumbles.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Ghanoushi, President, Tunisian Ennahda Political Party: “This conference intends to present a real support to the revolution, this conference wants to convey a unity message to the Tunisian people and tell them that we are all united (hand clapping)! The betrayal of this revolution means betrayal to almighty God, his messenger and all believers.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “What we are asking the political parties is not to use political funds, to refrain from buying the votes and to provide the electors the chance to cast their votes in the ballot boxes for those who will rescue Tunisia now and in the future.”

TIME CODE: 50:00_55:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], People’s slogans: “People want the downfall of Bin Ali.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “I swear by God that anybody who intends to expose any regime has to be armed with modern tools, such as cameras. But the true weapon one must be armed with is willpower. In other words, one might possess the tools and the means but lack in willpower, therefore those tools and means will act against us. They will be against the revolution and against any change. When you are armed with willpower and possess the means and tools, you may be able to change the world, history and the status quo. Sometimes I used to hide my camera like this, I was worried because of the passers-by, this one is small but sometimes I used to have a bigger one in order to obtain a larger picture. Of course this one was much safer because of the Police search. I was armed because I was a victim of the previous regime. I believed that everybody must play their role in order to stop a regime’s dictatorship. We all suffered, and I personally suffered from Bin Ali’s regime, in addition to what he did to Islamists, activists and scholars.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Naser Saroui, Film Critic: The link between our youth and picture is an interactive one. Any young person is capable of filming with a small camera while another can do that easily with a big size camera and the third can film with his personal computer. All details can be passed through pictures. We can watch them via satellite channels.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fathi Bin Othmen, Manager of Cinema Organization, Tunisia: “The Tunisian youth are the product of the most important event in our history, and they might be the last generation to experience it, in other words, according to my personal opinion, the Tunisian revolution is the Tunisian civilization! It could be said that film and video played a vital role in the Tunisian revolution through our youth who hadn’t studied the art of cinema.”

TIME CODE: 55:00_01:00:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “These are the means I used. I even used a watch to record conversations and a button; I shall show it to you later!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fathi Bin Othmen, Manager of Cinema Organization, Tunisia: “All our youth, from the centre of the republic, I mean Sidi Buzaid, Sareen and Kafsah, picked up their cameras and started filming!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “These are the means we relied upon in order to expose the policies of Bin Ali’s regime and its suppression and totalitarianism.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fathi Bin Othmen, Manager of Cinema Organization, Tunisia:By the way, what I said does not mean that our youth aged between 14 and 16 would prepare film strips and try to produce documentary films.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “Filming the demonstrators in the street while driving his vehicle.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fathi Bin Othmen, Manager of Cinema Organization, Tunisia: “Let me talk to you about juristic affairs during the previous regime. Whenever any artist intended to use even a small camera, he or she would have to obtain licence from the Ministry of Interior.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “For example, this picture explains the suppression by armed forces; I was filming the incident when some soldiers saw me”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fathi Bin Othmen, Manager of Cinema Organization, Tunisia: “The Ministry of Interior had a list for individuals who were registered as professionals or working with governmental institutes and production companies. In other words, not everybody was eligible to have a camera. I even had to get permission when I intended to film my graduation.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “Due to the army’s support of the revolution the soldiers did not stop me, but if the police or security forces were there they would have taken my camera.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fathi Bin Othmen, Manager of Cinema Organization, Tunisia: “I was surrounded by a group of Presidential and national guards in addition to the municipality police and national police that means I was not supposed to have a camera with me. There was aggravation at that time.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “Just to remind you, I had seven cameras confiscated by security forces; some of them were cheap while others were expensive. Therefore, I relied upon this pen, because it was safer than other means in filming most critical moments of the Tunisian revolution.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fathi Bin Othmen, Manager of Cinema Organization, Tunisia: “When you intend to produce a report that means you need to get involved in social network sites, because they were a useful means in creating links with other individuals. There was ambiguity in the streets, and later it was these social network sites that sparked the torch of the revolution which started from Tunisia and later reached other Arab countries.”

TIME CODE: 01:00:00_01:05:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “With those tools we managed to confront Bin Ali’s regime. I used to register various testimonies from victims’ relatives, or from those who witnessed such crimes from the previous regime. When those individuals were released from prisons and detentions, I was able of interview them in order to prove by documents and evidences that this martyr who was killed under severe torture had witnesses who saw the process from the beginning. I even interviewed the martyrs’ families. I did my best in order to expose Bin Ali’s dictatorship that embarked upon suppression, absolutism and political police and other means of repression against his own people.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Medded, Makhlouf’s wife: “From the beginning I accepted Zouheir as a husband. I had a set of principle, did you understand me? He wasn’t imposed upon me. Once somebody asked for my hand in marriage, I turned down his request because he was not a member of our movement. At that time I believed that whoever didn’t have pledge of allegiance would die as a pagan. In our history we have a lady who sacrificed five of her sons! We believe in martyrdom, and believe that martyrdom is the path to paradise.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Nawres Makhlouf: “I was worried, I went to court, I started to shiver and hallucinate, I was worried about my father’s safety, I couldn’t bear his parting.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Medded: “I was not there; this does not mean I was not satisfied with his approach or I can no longer bear Zouheir, on the contrary, when he was detained I raised the banner with my children. I did my best to lead my children, I convinced my daughter to wear the veil and full Islamic dress. When she did, she complained that she looked strange, but I told her to look at the other girls who were not putting on the veil and see the difference.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yahya Makhlouf, Makhlouf’s Son: “Because my father defended Islam and the Al-Nahda movement, he used to be with the movement and still is and God willing he shall remain so.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Nawres Makhlouf: “When my father was detained, I experienced psychological pressures; as a result I couldn’t study as usual, I mean I was doing well in my studies, I used to obtain high marks, due to new circumstances I was late in my studies sufferingfrom psychologicaldisturbance.”

TIME CODE: 01:05:00_01:10:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, the Head of Al-Wafaa Movement Party: “Then we were subjected to torture. It was severe torture, I mean in the state security compound. Later we were transferred to the state security court that had been set up by late president Bourghaiba who used it to settle his accounts with his opponents”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Monsef Warkahi, Founder of Zemetghal School: “The authorities used to transfer us from one place to another across the country. They had mercenaries in every single detention centre and prison; they tried to separate us in order to prevent any friendship among us.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, the Head of Al-Wafaa Movement Party: “Of course, I was the person with the most severe sentence, at the beginning I was in a solitary confinement but later I was taken to a military detention centre that had been set up by France.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “One might say I’m military personnel, why did Bourghaiba or Bin Ali put me in the jail? During Bourghaiba’s era we witnessed painful events, they reached their climax in 1987 when his reign reached the verge of collapse.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, the Head of Al-Wafaa Movement Party: “I remained in prison for 4 years, I decided to escape, but later I was stopped near the Algerian border, I stood a retrial due to my escape attempt.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “I escaped to Algeria but the Algerian military police detained me and later deported me to Tunisia in which I was subjected to severe torture.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Monsef Warkahi, Founder of Zemetghal School: “Each one of us seemed to be talking to himself, the Holy Quran was our companion, and there we learned Quranic interpretation. The guards used to peek through the walls.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “Bin Ali kept us in detention for a year and a half without any trial. Because he didn’t have any evidence against us, we were patriots doing our best for the good of our country. We paved the way for him, otherwise he wouldn’t have succeeded.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, the Head of Al-Wafaa Movement Party: “After 5 years in prison, I was given parole. I had to show up at a police station daily for several times, I was forbidden from studying and working. We experienced difficult times during Bourghaiba’s era till 1980.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “Time in prison was so difficult, I mean difficult for both the prisoners and their families.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Medded: “During our marriage, Zouheir used to take the children to school and bring them back. Yahya was a little boy then, the school was far from our home.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yahya Makhlouf: “I felt happiness when I heard my father was going to paradise.”

TIME CODE: 01:10:00_01:15:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Medded: “I asked him where to work, do you want me to work in painting workshop.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Nawres Makhlouf: “I was upset due to my father’s absence because we were very close. I was proud of him, I felt he had done something great and he would enter the paradise.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “Once you are behind high walls, you won’t be able to escape.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Medded: “I want to tell you something, when Zouheir was first detained we were engaged; I mean before our marriage in 1994. We remain in that situation for 5 years while he was in prison.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “What obsesses a prisoner constantly in the detention is his family’s requirements, be it materialistic or affection needs.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Medded: “At the beginning I visited him accompanied by his father, his brothers were busy in other matters.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “The authorities tried to humiliate us gradually by the high wall and the barbed wires to the extent that the prisoner would feel it.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Medded: “We were humiliated, we used to go from one prison to another, and we went to Ghrombilia prison in Naibel province and Tunis the capital.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “They cut off all relations between the prisoner and their families, emotionally and practically.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Medded: “At some point, I was forbidden from seeing Zouheir, but I didn’t stop. I used to send him letters and the news through some concealed parts in the trousers, his father was helping me.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “Those days were days of severe torture, no prisoner could sleep in a proper way, for hours and hours no prisoner could sleep.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Medded: “I drew this when he entered the prison in October 20th 2009.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “The prison guards would torture us and destroy us psychologically. They would say they would kill us, torture our family members, and anyone who was in touch with us even our relatives.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Majeda Medded: This picture was a symbol for me, this here means freedom and this is his camera that was the cause of his arrest. Even his charge was the defamation of the regime through modern communication means.”

TIME CODE: 01:15:00_01:20:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia university: “The Tunisians discovered that the previous regime was not as strong as they thought. The revolution looked like a mosaic, you could find ladies with and without veils, you could find employees and employers, in addition to the unemployed and peasants, all social classes participated in the revolution. The revolution took shape when the people got rid of fear and horror, particularly among the middle class. President Bin Ali ran away, why? Because he didn’t have any other choice. This cultural and intellectual heritage was semi absent during last regime, I mean Bin Ali’s era. All factions contributed in the revolution, they were waiting for the historical moment.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “On the 13th and 14th of January when Bin Ali left Tunisia, all news agents talked about the matter on television, radio and newspaper.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “Some sources disclosed that since Bin Ali came to Qortaj palace he was thinking of fleeing. He was the opposite of Bourghaiba.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “I talked about confrontations between the Presidential guards and the Tunisian army.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “Bourghaiba might have thought that Tunisia belonged to him and he proclaimed himself as a lifelong President, that’s why he didn't embark upon accumulating wealth.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “The country that received Bin Ali refused to repatriate him, despite consecutive requests from Tunisia's Ministry of Justice.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “Since Bin Ali assumed power through a military coup d’état, he was obsessed with the consequences, therefore he was hasty in accumulating wealth, and when he got in control of the situation he governed with an iron fist.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “The Saudis don't respect international law. They believe they shouldn't repatriate anyone who seeks refuge in their country under any circumstances. They say it is a humanitarian cause!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “Saudi Arabia always says it wouldn’t extradite whoever seeks refuge in their country; I believe this is not the right decision.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “It seems he had penetrated into the sports, culture and finance sectors. He used to get bribes and commissions from everywhere. He accumulated this wealth and transferred it to foreign banks.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister:

“The Saudi's demonstrated deep-rooted Arabian traditions, but countries around the world keep changing.”

TIME CODE: 01:20:00_01:25:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Demonstrators: We demand a swift trial, our people shall not forget, our people shall not give in, our people shall not forget.

We are the oppressed not Bin Ali.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “The delay in retrieving Bin Ali’s wealth gave a chance for his corrupt network to relax.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “There are international treaties which stipulate the repatriation of any individual who commits a crime in his country, but nothing has happened so far.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party:Moreover, various mechanisms have been applied in order to prevent any possibility of retrieving Bin Ali’s wealth through the Tunisian government, except what is available in major foreign banks.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “We faced many difficulties; there is a difference between his wealth and what is available on Tunisian soil. There must be a law otherwise the government will confiscate the funds.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “The people of Tunisia found out that there were foreign currencies in Bin Ali’s palace, in addition to jewelry taken by his wife from Bourghaiba’s family and other families or brought from outside Tunisia.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A young man: Yes, this is our country. We are all united. Bin Ali’s regime tore this nation apart as I’m tearing these feathers! It seems Israel was behind him.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “Generally we are very firm in this matter. Other countries have their own laws, and they have to verify the ownership prior to taking any decisions.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “All this proves that Bin Ali’s family accumulated a big fortune. Unfortunately we do not know its exact amount and its whereabouts.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “The ousted President had substantial financial and economic ties with Prince Naïf of Saudi Arabia.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “The Tunisian people need this wealth, we do not have any oil, the Saudis have oil, and they must repatriate Bin Ali.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “The Saudis have much influence and a lot of properties on Tunisian soil.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “If the Saudis intend to retain Bin Ali they must give us back our money since they have oil.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “There was an intimate tie between Bin Ali and Prince Naïf.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “This person stole from our people, violated our rights and killed our sons, how could he remain free outside the country?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “She stopped the current government from asking for Bin Ali’s extradition from Saudi Arabia.”

TIME CODE: 01:25:00_01:30:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “Saudi Arabia has turned into a safe haven for criminals. Any criminal or tyrant in the Islamic and Arab world can find a safe bastion in Saudi Arabia. This is very unfortunate.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Demonstrators are shouting in the street: “People want to topple Bin Ali!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “The Saudi government is supporting a president who practiced rotten and abhorrent policies and yet he finds protection from his highness the custodian of the holy Mosques! We teach our sons that criminals and embezzlers must be put in jail, while the true thieves and criminals are enjoying the protection of the custodian of the holy Mosques!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Demonstrators are shouting in the street: “A popular trial for the Trabolsi gang!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “We ask the Tunisian people for more patience. Almighty God will do something. Bin Ali shall come back and will be tried if God wills. I’m very confident that Bin Ali will return. The momentum of the Arab Revolutions shall reach Saudi soil and then they would be forced to handover Bin Ali.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “Tunisians must keep demanding Bin Ali’s repatriation for a fair trial, whether they succeed or fail.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Saleh Al-Abaidi, A Veteran Prisoner: “Their destiny would be a fare trial; we shall not seek any revenge, it would be merely a fair trial.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, the Head of Al-Wafaa Movement Party: “I do believe that Bin Ali is not pure Tunisian; he is a combination of Tunisia and the West. Because Western countries supported him and installed him in power and supported him. There were various sides involved with Bin Ali in the corruption process; of course they are stationed in the West.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], The Ousted President Bin Ali: “I announce my decision as the top of the Democratic and Constitutional council that the percentage of women's participation in the legislative and municipal elections must not be less than 30%.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdulraoof Ayadi, The Head of Al-Wafaa Movement Party: “Western countries applied some mechanisms for the entry of loans to Tunisia. As I mentioned earlier, some foreign powers were involved in the corruption process. We don't have all the details due to the West's refusal to cooperate with us.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “For all those reasons the Americans insists on Bin Ali staying outside Tunisia, to prevent any attempt of repatriation so that he doesn’t stand a fair trial.Neither American authorities nor the American administration would like to see Bin Ali’s extradition.The Americans did not accept the idea of Ben Ali going to France because there was the possibility that the French might hand him over, while Saudi Arabia would never do that!”

TIME CODE: 01:30:00_01:35:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: “I believe this matter is at the core of the political debate currently, because all the corrupt individuals in the previous regime are under the judicial umbrella. What remained, I can say, elements from the grassroots only.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: We invited all parties that had participated before to come forward in order to offset the balance in the society. What we did was sufficient.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: “All dossiers will accuse those people, but of course we cannot apply a collective punishment. For example, the professor of International law, who is at the top of the revolution committee, Mr. Ayath Bin Aashour, was asked if members of the old party could be nominated in the upcoming elections. His reply was very clear, he said “we prohibited them in the last election on the 23rd of October; they cannot participate in the new republic!””

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: Since we have to be sincere in our speeches and deeds, I shall start with myself.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: “With regard to Beji Caid Sebsi, he started gathering supporters who were against the Al-Nahda party. Through this process he managed to gather the liberals, leftists and independents in addition to some of the old regime’s supporters.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks:“Eventually, one of the old guards from the ousted regime, who is Beji Caid Sebsi, assumed the leadership; he came through political maliciousness and slyness.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: “When we look attentively at the political map, we realize that Al-Nahda came first and then came the Popular Petition that was established by Al-Hashim Al-Hamidi. Yet most voters for this movement were members of the previous regime.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks:This man is a shrewd politician; he has combined Bourghaiba and Bin Ali’s eras.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: “The upcoming political reading suggests that most of those who voted in favor of the Popular Petition Movement, will vote for Beji Caid Sebsi’s party.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sheikh Abdelfatah Moro, Political and Islamic Activist: “Should the other camp win, I mean Sebsi and the Tunisia Call Movement, there won’t be any change. And Tunisia will remain liberal and secular as it was in the past, perhaps some cosmetic changes will be made!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: “Al-Nahda party managed to attract part of the old party maybe 10 or 15%.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “First of all, freedom of expression is one of the revolution’s gains; there won’t be any going back from that, Tunisia is well known for its freedom of speech.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: “There is the fear that the remaining percentage has been absorbed by the new party, Sebsi’s party. We must not forget that in any election there is always a distinguishing figure.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks:What Sebsi has done is an effort to tame the revolution!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “Various parties were established; we did not turn down any application to form a new party. Any eligible citizen could set up a party, but not all of the 140 parties participated in the last election, only 53 parties came forward.”

TIME CODE: 01:35:00_01:40:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Ali Ibrahim Gharboussi, Blogger and Journalist: “An ex-minister during Bin Ali’ era accused of embezzlement and sending tens of citizens to jails and displacing tens of families, came on TV and talked about democracy! What is your relation with democracy?”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: “What Sebsi did was very dangerous, despite his achievements such as conducting fair elections, yet he did his best many times to turn around the revolution.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Ali Ibrahim Gharboussi, Blogger and Journalist: “Kamal Marjan, for example … On the 16th of January, Kamal Marjan handed over 6 diplomatic passports to Bin Ali and his family, and now he is talking about the revolution! He is repeating the word, revolution!If we were in a revolutionary state, Kamal Marjan’s tongue should have been cut off! Just because he is repeating the word, revolution! On the 16th of January, when Bin Ali fled Tunisia, this gentleman was still sticking to the previous regime, and he provided him and his family with diplomatic passports in order to go to Saudi Arabia and live there.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sheikh Abdelfatah Moro, Political and Islamic Activist: There is superficial freedom and a civil state only, but Islamic awareness, thought and culture are in danger.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], The Ousted President, Ben Ali: We Consider Tunisia as an ally for the United States, and these relations have a strategic aspect.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “I just want to give you an example with regard to our relation with America, when Tunisia applied for a loan”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashed Ghanoushi, President of Tunisian Al-Nahda Political Party: “Our movement shall adhere to support all endeavors to protect peace and security in the world as a continuation for cooperation with our European partners and our historic ties with the United States.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Zouheir Gadok Makhlouf, Secretary of Amnesty International, Tunisia: “Our evidence is that when the current government visited Saudi Arabia, it did not ask for the extradition of Bin Ali, in order to retain the economic ties with the kingdom!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A demonstrator: “It seems he is in Tunisia in order to abort the revolution, America as usual intends to impose governments upon nations, and America is the country that produces dictators!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Sheikh Abdelfatah Moro, Political and Islamic Activist: “The American approach is totally different! This approach is pragmatic and opportunist. It aims at emptying Islam. It has no problem with whoever governs Tunisia, be it the Al-Nahda movement or any other Islamic party. America is planning to empty Islam from its content and change it to an American Islam. They intend to distance it from the authentic Islam of Mohammed! But what do the people say about the revolution today? Some might feel sorry for what happened and ask the return of Bin Ali! All this is due to the failure of Al-Nahda party in administering the country. Yet this does not mean the failure of Islam and its solution for the society; however there are various reasons that prevented Al-Nahda party to succeed in running the country.”

TIME CODE: 01:40:00_01:45:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: The constitution guarantees any citizen’s dignity. It preserves his right to have a job and a residence. It also preserves women and youths’ rights to express their views with regard to the media and even in opposition to it. Our constitution does affirm general principles and rules. What is required now is that no Tunisian should live under the poverty line. And every citizen must enjoy an honorable life. One of the goals of our revolution was dignity. Dignity cannot be obtained while we are still struggling with hunger and poverty and extending our hands asking for social assistance.All these factors show that we haven’t upgraded ourselves to the desired level.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: “We started the revolution with 700 thousand unemployed individuals;but unfortunately today this figure has reached 800 thousand, which is a negative sign.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: Some of our youth refrain from marriage due to the high rate of divorce. They might be worried of the failure in their lives. Economic difficulties are the most important factor for the divorce phenomenon in Tunisia.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: This phenomenon is rooted in various factors. Some of the reasons are not restricted to Tunisia only. Those who governed Tunisia were promised huge investments from several countries, but unfortunately those investments were less than what was required”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: Destitution is the main reason for celibacy in Tunisia. Due to the high rate of unemployment and growing poverty it is sometimes impossible for our youth to provide the basic necessities to start a family.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: Europe is facing a huge economic crisis currently; therefore it cannot allocate big investments to Tunisia. Prominent economy experts concluded that in order for Tunisia to come out from its social and economic crisis ten billion dollars must be provided immediately. This plan resembles what was dubbed in Europe as the Marshall Plan. Ten billion dollars were essential to bring out the country from its economic crisis.”

TIME CODE: 01:45:00_01:50:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: After independence, at the beginning, Habib Bourghaiba assumed the power, and then we experienced suppression and despotism under Bin Ali’s reign. Both governments gave priority to tourism to be the corner stone for any economic development.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: We witnessed that Europe allocated ten billion dollars for all Arab countries that had experienced the Arab spring.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “Unemployment is considered the most important problem in Tunisia. We have around 800 thousand unemployed individuals. These people are considered a part of the active manpower of the country.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alia Alani, Islamic historian in Tunisia University: That means Tunisia will only receive 100 million dollars every year. Therefore, this is the factor that disturbed governmental economic plans.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “How can we face those who are seeking jobs? Eight hundred thousand persons without jobs, this is a huge figure, we cannot ignore it, and most of them hold high scientific degrees. I can assure you that 250 thousand of them hold university degrees and are yet unemployed. This is the main paradox. The other problem is that our economic growth is zero! In other words, it is impossible to create jobs.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Al-Ghannushi: “In Tunisia all different groups and trends can live together, this is the message from the national coalition government. We do confirm that the conference shall assure the Tunisian people.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation:When Tunisia decided to get a loan from an international bank, it received America’s guarantee in order to obtain such loan.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Ghanoushi, President, Tunisian Ennahda Political Party: “The difficulties that Tunisia is facing currently are circumstantial. What we have seen is normal particularly for a country which has experienced a revolution.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “In the constituent assembly, one of the members stood and said ‘we all, without exception know very well that the only country that gets American guarantee to have a loan from an international bank is the Zionist entity.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “For all these reasons it was essential to create job opportunities. But as you are aware it requires financing, and this financing is either domestic or external.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “After the revolution, Tunisia became the mollycoddled state, along with the Zionist entity, to get American guarantees in order to cover any loan.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: This type of investment requires financing that does not increase Tunisian debts. We already have considerable amounts of debts, while any foreign investment needs guarantees.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “This is a peculiar paradox. It is supposed that when our revolution gained victory we would be free now and in the future and the gap between us and USA must increase considerably.”

TIME CODE: 01:50:00_01:55:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Baji Kaed Al-Sabsi, Tunisian Prime Minister: “Security and stability are important for any investment. There is no intention from foreigners to invest in Tunisia because we are still in a transitional period after the revolution. The government has got its own economic plans and programs but the funds for such programs are not available.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “Today we can feel that America is getting closer to us. Furthermore, in Tunisian minds, America has turned into a friendly country that extends its hands for help, while during Bin Ali’s era we used to curse America. We believe that we need time to reach a change and allow investments pour in and as a result of that our programs will take off in order to minimize the ratio of unemployment.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party:“In fact, Tunisia does not only rely on tourism in its economy. Tourism is considered a very important element among other elements of Tunisian economy.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: “Concentrating upon tourism and maximizing its role in the economy was done with vicious intentions in mind.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party:“The bulk of tourists come from European countries.”

TIME CODE: 01:55:00_02:00:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mouaz Bekri: “There are prosperous days in business, while there are some ordinary days, so we can off-set the balance. There are some tourists that come via ships and head towards Sousa, Hammamat and Al-Monasteer to spend their vacations. Sidi Busied is a favored spot for all tourists, which makes it a strategic location. We all know that some Arab countries, including Tunisia, witnessed some unrest. But unfortunately some of it has been exaggerated which affects foreign tourists in particular. For example, unrest such as destroying, burning and devastating of public installations. There is a considerable amount of Italian, Spanish and French tourists who have moderate incomes.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party:“In this context, some observers from Arabs and Muslims interested in Tunisian affairs might think about this phenomenon seriously.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mouaz Bekri: “Prior to the revolution, many citizens were able to travel abroad. But now due to the high expenses of life many people refrain from travelling outside their country, so the revolution is not the sole reason, there are other reasons behind this phenomenon.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “We have to acknowledge that European tourists have a moral and cultural effect upon Tunisian society.

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: Bin Ali planned to make the tourism sector the fifth column in order to spread Western culture as a substitute for Arab-Islamic culture.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Ali Ibrahim Gharboussi, Blogger and Journalist: The first point is that tourism is the main cause here. The Tunisian government uses tourism as a scarecrow in order to tell the people that Islamists shall affect tourist season. This idea is wrong.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: “In fact, tourism is an option for us; it is extremely fragile and can be affected by the slightest elements.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Ali Ibrahim Gharboussi, Blogger and Journalist: This matter concerns Salafists in Tunisia. But to this moment we haven’t seen one incident supported by evidence that the Salafists targeted any tourist centers in Tunisia.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: “The best evidence at our disposal is that the state invested huge amounts of money in the tourism sector, while the income of such investment was not much.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Ali Ibrahim Gharboussi, Blogger and Journalist: Secondly, Salafists are still in the process of shaping their party. Thirdly, we noticed that the Salafists are seeking a civil state, but the problem is that the Tunisian media is playing the role of a scarecrow.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: “Should there be investments in the agricultural and industrial sectors; the outcome would be more precious and significant.”

TIME CODE: 02:00:00_02:05:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “Maybe this judgment is based upon unrealistic knowledge with regard to the current Tunisian situation, but Tunisia has been opened up to Europe not for decades only but maybe for centuries.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: “The tourism sector must be reviewed structurally in order to harmonize it with the culture, civilization and faith of the Tunisian people.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “Most of the tourists’ behavior might not differ from Tunisian citizens, regardless of majority or minority.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: “Reforms in tourism and its contents are required; the only condition is that they must suit our people’s faith and beliefs.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “We can see that some tourists in other countries, even European tourists, behave in a very different manner when they are in Tunisia or Cairo for instance. The reason is that the country’s situation and its people’s culture impose certain behaviors on the foreigners without enacting deterrent laws or pressuring the tourists.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: With regard to the national culture, there must be a feeling of glory and honor. The ousted regime humiliated us and eradicated any pride and honor for being a part of this soil and willing to serve it.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: “As a result, if we Islamized Tunisian tourism, this sector would not be affected in any way, on the contrary it would flourish.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: “Today, Tunisian citizens have retrieved their honor, dignity, self-confidence and love and affection for their country, this phenomenon could be seen in cultural expressions.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Faouzi Aloui, Owner of the Center for Studies Philosophical Tracks: “Tourism thrived at the expense of strategic and essential sectors such as agriculture, industry, scientific research among others that could have played a pivotal role in development and manpower.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: Due to the humiliation and suppression imposed upon Tunisian citizens, we wouldn’t dare to disclose our nationality when we used to go abroad. Today, this dynamism inside and outside, would help us to export our culture easily, as we did in exporting our revolution.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Ali Ibrahim Gharboussi, Blogger and Journalist: I don’t have any problem with Islamic tourism. But do we have a substitution in our national economy to cover the loss? Of course we do not consider it as a loss!

TIME CODE: 02:05:00_02:10:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: This matter comes through a comprehensive reform system; reforms in ethics, principles, economic and social policies that are being practiced currently. This would be achieved in the upcoming period, after considerable patience and endeavor, if God wills.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Ghanoushi, President, Tunisian Ennahda Political Party: “The Al-Nahda movement was established 40 years ago.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Tunisian National anthem: O defenders of the Homeland, Rally around to thr glory of our time Al-Nahda movement has been setting up conferences; the first conference which was announced publicly is in fact the ninth in total.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Ghanoushi, President, Tunisian Ennahda Political Party:All previous Al-Nahda conferences were held secretly, half of them on the Tunisian soil, while the other half were held in various locations across the vast land of Almighty God.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: “It is good to see Conference party for the sake of republic and Coalition Party in addition to Al-Nahda Movement in the political arena in Tunisia. The Coalition Party and conference party for the sake of republic are in dispute with the Al-Nahda Movement in various cases, but I think this situation will create balance and is good for the nation.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “He chose the parliamentary system, and it is the case that is being discusses today.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: “We shall agree eventually, after all ideas have been developed and we have come close to each other.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “The conference party for the sake of Republic is insisting upon a dual system, Presidential & Parliamentary.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: “This is a very important matter. It is requested in order to avoid autocracy and another dictatorship.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “The battle is going on now among the components of the Troika.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: “We do not want the election system to yield another dictatorship. This was not the aim of our revolution.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Samir Dilou, Ministry of Human Rights and Justice: “As I mentioned, the revolution did not begin on the 17th of December. That date was the day of victory for the revolution. The revolutionary action preceded that date for years and contributed in exposing the previous regime. Honestly, it was not the Al-Nahda Movement that did the job alone. All political inclinations from leftists, Arab nationalists and liberals joined in. During the recent years, the Islamic movement’s contribution was more significant and obvious, be it by the number of its political prisoners, those who were martyred under severe torture or those who were forced to flee the country. You can find that 90% of prisoners who were pardoned descended from the Islamic movement.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: I joined Al-Nahda Movement after the revolution. I’m from a family that has been involved in Al-Nahda’s activities for a while.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yosri Saeid: I joined Al-Nahda after the revolution and came back to public activities.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: I’m from a pro-Al-Nahda family that was suppressed during Ben Ali’s reign.”

TIME CODE: 01:10:00_01:15:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yosri Saeid: We used to work clandestinely, we didn’t know our leaders and with whom we were connected.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: So it was by inheritance that I joined Al-Nahda Movement.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yosri Saeid: I personally didn’t receive any information about the Al-Nahda Movement from my surroundings. I used to hear of it from distance particularly from satellite channels; we didn’t have a direct connection with the movement.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Hamza Morkqa: I wasn’t influenced by Mohammed Ben Aashour or Rashid Al-Ghanoushi or Al-Marzouki’s personalities or even Al-Akhdar Hussein,but rather by Islamist reformers who hold new standpoints to Islam that brings you closer to it.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yosri Saeid: I didn’t have any idea about the Al-Nahda Movement prior to the revolution, except its Islamic tendency.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Hamza Morkqa: I mean peaceful transfer of power. We as Islamists do not mean that we should cling to power and reject other political factions, no! We mean a peaceful transfer of power through ballot boxes.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Ghanoushi, President, Tunisian Ennahda Political Party:“The conference is the crucial element here.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: After the success of the Tunisian revolution, I decided to study all the main political parties in order to choose one of them; I didn’t want my family to influence my decision.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yosri Saeid: “The Islamists wanted to add to the Islamic tendency and the true Arabic and Islamic identity.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: After our youth got engaged in political activities, we managed to enter the public and social arena.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A man is talking: A quick speech on behalf of some Tunisian mothers.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], A lady is speaking: “We are really grateful for your sincere effort Sheikh Rashid. We all participated in the uprising that led to the success of our revolution, today we’ve come to the Al-Nahda Movement’s center and we are urging the Sheikh to extend his hand of assistance to us.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Hamza Morkqa: Our first priority is maintaining the identity of the Tunisian people as Muslims. The other priority for the Al-Nahda Movement is consolidating the Democratic process.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: For the reasons I mentioned previously, I joined the Al-Nahda Movement, in addition it has an Islamic disposition.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yosri Saeid: “When the movement started its activities publicly, I joined it and began my participation through my relatives.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Collective slogan: People demand the liberation of Palestine.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: Amira Tastouri:The first goal of the Al-Nahda Movement is summarized in achieving the revolution’s goals.”

TIME CODE: 02:15:00_02:20:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Hamza Morkqa: Al-Nahda Movement is trying to offset the balance between social, religious and political demands, God willing.The third point is the implementation of social justice, eradicating unemployment and poverty in addition to equilibrate development process in the areas that experienced poverty and injustice during Ben Ali’s era, in particular the inland governorates.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yosri Saeid: “For sure, the youth must play a bigger role in any upcoming governmental project. Certainly, our youth must be provided with a great deal of economic programs and job opportunities in addition to reforms in higher education.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: “There would be great hope in the future, if our officials served Tunisia sincerely, were faithful to our martyrs’ blood and tried to achieve the Revolution’s goals. We trust in our future, God willing.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “Even our President, Mr. Monsef Al-Marzouki, announced in his visit to France that he had written in 2004 that he would prefer a dual system.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Monsef Warkahi, Founder of Zemetghal School: “What I’m saying is that Tunisia is in urgent need of stability, it cannot remain in a situation of political chaos. It requires stability in order to keep life’s wheels rolling, we have big social problems.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party:“I believe President Al-Marzouki experienced some difficulties in balancing between his position as the head of his party and his post as President.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Monsef Warkahi, Founder of Zemetghal School: “The sole solution in order to give confidence to our people is by setting up a government that Tunisians trust in. Otherwise they would continue their uprising. We want to see calmness and peace in the streets, and this will not be achieved unless there is a government that has success. In order to preserve my country’s independence and its soil and Republican system in addition to respect its laws … In addition to what I said, some differences and problems started to occur between the President and other Troika’s components.I shall do my best to ensure my country’s interests, enforce the law, preserve constitutional establishments, in addition to being loyal to our martyrs’ blood and achieve revolutionary goals. The current government has everything except the conditions for success!”

TIME CODE: 02:20:00_02:25:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mustafa Ben Jafar: “We in the Coalition party are determined to achieve our national goals alongside all sincere patriots as a service to our people and our youth and loyalty to our revolution. We call upon all Tunisian citizens, men and women, to participate actively in order to build our future that would accommodate all of us.

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party:“As you know, the temporary constitution for the country does not grant the President much power.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alaya Allania, Islamic Historian: This might be one of several things that shall be included in the new constitution.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party:“This is closer to the parliamentary system.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alaya Allania, Islamic Historian: “The second vital issue is the relation between state and religion.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party:“It is obvious that the President’s performance has not been convincing, due to the overlap of his legal personality and his capacity as the leader of an opposition and resistant party.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alaya Allania, Islamic Historian: “This matter will be discussed as well. We all know that what has been agreed upon at the constituent assembly is that Tunisia is an Islamic country; its language is Arabic while its political system is Republican.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Mohammed Ghomani, President, Reform and development Party: “As a President, he must represent all Tunisians without exception.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alaya Allania, Islamic Historian: What was agreed upon in the 1959 constitution would remain in the new one, and all parties involved signed the agreement.

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdul Hafeez Hamed Banani, MP: “The government does not enjoy full independence; it is being pawned to Turkey, Qatar and Saudi Arabia.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Ghanoushi, President, Tunisian Ennahda Political Party: “The separation of powers, free press and independence of the judiciary system, as long as Democratic mechanisms are working in harmony we shall be immune from despotism, be it a Presidential or Parliamentary system.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdul Hafeez Hamed Banani, MP: “Al-Nahda Movement is considered as a component of political Islam in Tunisia. We are afraid that its defeat means the defeat of political Islam.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Alaya Allania, Islamic Historian: “There are differences among Shies and Sunnis and even within Sunni sects with regard to the nature of those criteria.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: “The government’s achievements and the new election to decide on a new constitution for the country shall guarantee freedom and will prevent any violation of Tunisian law.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: “There are several reasons, sometimes due to the non-existence of a mean of transportation for long distances. So any mother is obliged to choose between her son and her daughter, in this case she prefers to send the boy to school while keeping the girl at home in order to help her in her daily chores at home.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yosri Saeid: “According to Al-Nahda’s programs, after the upcoming election, we shall assume power in the country, God willing.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: “The constitution must preserve our rights as youth, women and families in the frame of law. It should not permit any manipulation with dossiers in governmental establishments; but rather competence should be the criteria in the promotion of employees.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Siham Badi, Minister of Women and Family Affairs: “Unfortunately, I can say that poverty is restricted to women only! In rural and underprivileged areas we can see a great number of females are discontinuing their education.”

TIME CODE: 02:25:00_02:30:00

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: The Al-Nahda Movement believes that women have great capabilities.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yosri Saeid: “The political process must be based upon sound foundations; for sure the reform process is the first step. We are still consolidating the infrastructure in order to accommodate all Tunisian citizens.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: “If we looked at women’s activities in the society, prior to election and after it, we would see that they are more active than other members of the Al-Nahda Movement.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Yosri Saeid: “I can say confidently that I’m optimistic and within five years we shall see a different Tunisia.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Amira Tastouri: “To be honest, women are playing a major role in the society. The Tunisian woman has a unique character, if she believes in any something; she would strive to achieve it. Thank God.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “I will say this and I’m responsible for it, foreign powers are greatly involved in decision making in Tunisia.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdul Hafeez Hamed Banani, MP: “The Tunisian government dissolved all municipal councils; look at the garbage crisis in Tunisia!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “At the top of those foreigners we can see USA, France, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Turkey.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdul Hafeez Hamed Banani, MP: Tunisia which was dubbed as the green land has become yellow due to accumulation of garbage in the streets!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “All European countries might not be happy to see that Tunisia has entered darkness and a path that lacks clear horizons.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Abdul Hafeez Hamed Banani, MP: “Accumulated garbage is surrounding all districts, it is being seen everywhere, this phenomenon is due to the inability of municipalities and their personnel in solving this problem.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “We are heading towards the future; we hope it’s clear exactly defined, but in reality the future is still ambiguous.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fathi Al-Kasemi, Professor in Civilization- University of Tunisia: “Our intellectual history proves that Tunisians as a nation are capable of maintaining their identity, by rejecting rigidness that leads to the explosion of the situation.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “The Al-Nahda Movement is a major component; it has opponents and supporters, in addition to followers who accept its ideas blindly!”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Fathi Al-Kasemi, Professor in Civilization- University of Tunisia: “I think it is our destiny; Al-Nahda Movement might lead the revolution ship to the coast of peace, particularly if we reject egoism and concentrate our endeavors on Tunisia’s future under the shadow of Islamic and humanitarian criteria.”

SOUNDBITE [Arabic], Rashid Bin Ghahtat, Professor of the Foreign Languages, Affiliation: “I mean all our people. Everybody is dealing with the Al-Nahda Movement according to his or her inclination towards it.”

   

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