Over 100,000 were killed, 50,000 women were raped, and 2.2 million people were displaced in the Bosnian Genocide from 1992 to 1995. This film reminds us of this bitter chapter in history.
TIME CODE: 00:00_05:00
Narrator: In 1992 the country of Yugoslavia had all but collapsed. In the previous year, 2 of the 6 constituent nations, Slovenia and Croatia had declared independence, beginning the process of separation but they were attacked by the JNA, the Yugoslov army which was effectively controlled by Serbian nationalists, President Slobodan Milosevic. All though Serb forces fighting with the Croacs had been protracted and bloody, what was about to unfold was a nation of Bosnia and Herzegovina voted for independence was unprecedented since the Nazi occupation of Europe. A campaign of genocide was unleashed by Serb forces. 2 figures would become notorious alongside Milosevic. They were general Ratko Mladic, The Bosnian Serb commander and Radovan Karadzic, the Bosnian Serb leader. The target of their aggression, Bosnian Muslims. For nearly 4 years the Serbs would commit horrendous crimes against the largely defenceless Muslims. The targeted killing of civillians, concentration camps and mass rape and mass murder. By the end of their campaign the Serbs had stolen huge parts of Bosnia and had killed, raped and injured hundreds and thousands of innocent men, women and children. Despite the wealth of evidence proving what took place was a genocide and despite the call to be recognised as one, only one act in the war was recognised as much. This is the story of Europe’s forgotten Genocide.
Leader of the Bosnian Serbs Radovan Karadzic had a clear message for the Bosnian Muslims who were thinking of declaring independence. The green sections of the map highlights where there was a Muslim majority population before the war. After just 3 years of ethnic cleansing by the Serb forces this was the result, large parts of Bosnia now had very little or no Muslim population left.
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy in whole or in part a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
a)Killing members of the group
b)Causing seriously bodily or mental harm to members of the group
c)Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part
d)Imposing measures intended to prevent births form within the group;
e)Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Dr Smail Cekic, Director of the Institute for Research of Crimes against Humanity: “According to this definition all types of crimes against humanity and international law were committed in Bosnia and Herzegovina including Genocide against Bosniaks.”
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Amor Masovic, Chairman for the Board of the Directors of the Missing Persons Institute of Bosnia and Herzegovina: “Even in the cities in those municipalities where the local population is not entirely extinct. Killed like Srebrenica, Vlasenica, Bratunac, Visegrad, Foca and some others. Even in the municipalities there has been a massive displacement of populations. To eliminate all elements of many different ethnic or certain religious groups of the area which is the essence of genocide. Sanski Most, Klijuc, Kotar Varos, Prijedor, Bosanski Samac, Doboj, Derventa, Brcko, Bijeljina, Zvornik, Bratunac, Vlasenica, Visegrad, Foca, Sokolac, some parts of Sarajevo, Nevesinjne and Trebinje. Based on my 20 year experience and the fact that I stayed in Bosnia and Herzegovina, here in Sarajevo during the aggression there is no doubt that genocide was committed in at least 30 municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina.”
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Dr Smail Cekic, Director of the Institute for Research of Crimes against Humanity: “The perpose of the aggression was to completely destroy the internationally recognised country Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and to exterminate Bosniaks. The majority in this area are members of a certain national, ethnic and religious group as such.”
Narration: The capital Sarajevo was at the heart of the aggression. For 3 years from 1992 to 1995 the Serbs laid siege to this city, the longest siege in modern warfare. Over 10, 000 people were killed and hundreds of children had lost their lives.
Fikret Grabovica is an expert of how many children were killed. Like so many here his story has a personal tragedy.
TIME CODE: 05:00_10:00
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Fikret Grabovica, President of the Association of families and children: “Based upon all up to date research, it is most certain that the children of this city, during its siege were deliberately killed. Targeted and continuously throughout its siege. Countless examples prove that.
In addition, we can say they were often killed in groups while playing. Actually rare moments in Sarajevo were without combat. In those moments children would leave their shelters, basements etc to briefly socialise and relax after being indoors for a while. The criminals would take advantage of those moments. They would fire grenades or shoot them with snipers to kill as many children as possible.
In these photos here my 11 year old daughter, late Irma is in these photos. My little girl would be 30 years old today if she were alive. She would be a grown person. She would probably have her own family. However just like many other children she had never fulfilled her dreams.
My little girl was killed on 20th March 1993. It happened at Kosevsko Brdo in Atuna Hangija Street. In fact she was killed like many others. That day she went out, since it was a nice sunny and peaceful day to play with her friends. Relax after spending a long time indoors and in the basement. Soon after the bombshell fell nearby, shrapnel cut her artery. She bled out and couldn’t be saved.”
Narration: Brothers Adis and Haleel Merajic were both killed on the same day aged just 11 and 15.
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Zifa Merajic, Sarajevo Survivor: “I just heard a scream “Son they killed you.” It was my husband. My sister in law was there with her children. I jumped from the first floor. The older son was dead but the younger wasn’t. The younger son went into the living room. We opened the door. He was still alive but bled out a lot. I took and carried him to the infirmary. He just said “Mother I am going to die.” Those were his last words. I said “No you won’t, son you won’t leave your mother.” That’s all I know. I lost conscience.”
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Hajrudin Merajic, Sarajevo Survivor: “This happened on 23rd May 1992, it was around 3:30pm. Three shells fell, one hit the house, one hit mine and the third one fell here. We were in the hall in front of the door. Shrapnel went straight to his heart. The wound was so big you could have put a fist in his heart. His forearm was cut off. He didn’t breathe anymore. He didn’t bleed, nothing. I bled but I didn’t mind that as much. My sister in law and her 2 children were at the end of the hallway with my Adis. When the shell exploded there was a lot of dust. You couldn’t see a thing. There was no one. As my wife said, she went upstairs to bring their jackets in order to go to the shelter. I said “They killed you?” She heard. We were struggling for Halil. He didn’t show any signs but his eyes were open.”
TIME CODE: 10:00_15:00
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Hajrudin Merajic, Sarajevo Survivor: “We dragged him into the kitchen. He closed his eyes, that’s it. That took 10-20 minutes and then when I went into the hallway I heard Adis moaning in the room. My sister in law and her children went out so I thought Adis also went. Since that wasn’t the case I saw him lying face down. I turned him over but he bled out a lot. The blood already coagulated, I pulled up his shirt and jacket and saw on his stomach a cigarette like hole. His intestines fell out, I believe that’s how it was. I noticed his lips started turning black, so we took him, she took him. There was a fence here to the infirmary. He played with her hair because that’s what she taught him and he was cute and he told her that he’ll die. He said that to his mother.”
Narration: Up on the hills of Sarjevo, Elmaz Abaz stands where he lost his wife and daughter. Serbian artillery targeted them as they were collecting water.
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Elmaz Abaz, Sarajevo Survivor: “I was in a truck while we drove towards Pofalici, on our way up this street I noticed something unusual on the right side, something I’ve never seen. The truck kept going and ran over something that seemed like a body. I told him to stop because something was wrong here. The truck stopped, I went out of the truck and saw another body up there. I raised the first blanket and saw my daughter lying dead and her leg had been cut off. I went back behind the truck and pulled off the other blanket and saw that my wife had been shot in the head. Her head was completely crushed. The first victim was in this part, right here. Hence it wasn’t in the trucks way so the driver didn’t pay attention. The other victim was here, my wife was here. The truck ran her over because it was dark outside and he couldn’t turn on his light so he just drove. It is hard when you come home. You picked them up here dead. You return home to your one year old child, the house full of people, it’s so sad. The baby is looking for her mother amongst other mothers, women. It walks around, asks for food, it’s a small child. While she was growing up emotions and questions were always present. You could see the sadness while she is looking at mothers combing and washing their children. A mother is a mother and a child is a child, she died, she was killed. But at least I buried her whole body, some couldn’t even bury 20% of the body. I just saw on TV a mother crying, crying for a dead body without a head , arms, or legs.
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Dr Mujo Begic, Chief of Bihac Department of the Institute for Searching for Missing Persons of Bosnia and Herzegovina: “This is Laniste 1 mass grave, the remains of 188 victims were found here. We have found remains in natural pits, mines, rivers and wells buried in pits dozens of metres deep. We have found some remains even more than a hundred metres deep, thus Bosanska Krajina region is specific for a large number of mass graves being in natural pits. In some cases we found remains of one victim in three different mass graves. So in Bosanka Kranjina region there was an intention to permanently eliminate Bosniaks from the region. Either by killing them or banishing them from their homes, more than 200, 000 Bosniaks were banished from Bosanska Krajina forcibly expelled. More than 200 mosques were destroyed. People were detained in more than 146 camps and other detentions. Thus we can say that a genocide was committed in Bosanska Krajina. Tanjible resources were destroyed. People were completely dehumanised.”
TIME CODE: 15:00_20:00
Narration: In one location, men and boys were made to line up on the edge of a cliff before they were then shot. Murat Tahirovic President of the association of Victims and Witnesses of the Genocide explains what happens.
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Murat Tahirovic, President of the Association of Victims and Witnesses of the Genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina: “From this direction, a group which was separated from the entire group which was heading towards the free territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina was brought to this spot. The buses were parked here, five buses with approximately 250 Bosniaks and Croats. After the buses parked the police came in and ordered 10 people at a time to leave the bus. When they got off the bus the police lined them up here, killed them and threw them away.”
Voice over [English] from the International Criminal Court: “I remember that they took me in front of the bus and then they took us back and then they lined us up at an edge where things happened later.”
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Murat Tahirovic, President of the Association of Victims and Witnesses of the Genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina: “They fell into this abyss after being shot, some of them jumped into the abyss trying to survive in any way, after sending that death was close they jumped. Some of them survived and thanks to them, we now have the truth and can tell the story of how and why they were brought here.”
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Amor Masovic, Chairman for the Board of the Directors of the Missing Persons Institute of Bosnia and Herzegovina: “Someone took these children, took their mothers body, loaded them into a tractor and drove them for about 15km, stopped the tractor, took the 5 month old baby from that tractor walked 10-15 steps leaned over an abyss, a natural 22 metre deep pit and threw her like an animal.”
Narration: One of the most notorious prison camps, Satko was a prisoner here. He returned to tell of his experience.
SOUNDBITE [English] Satko Mujagic, Survivor of Omarska concentration camp: “Myself I was tortured in the toilet just inside, we can’t go in there now, for 10 minutes I was so sick that I really couldn’t stand anymore on my feet and I slept with my dad in that room in the corner upstairs so from that window we could look to the white house and look to the grass field here and every morning we counted bodies. There was a small truck, pick up, that brought food for us to the canteen then it would come here and put the bodies inside the truck and bring them to the mass graves.”
Narration: Satko was a witness to the torturing of many he describes one specific occasion involving a man he knew named Emir.
SOUNDBITE [English] Satko Mujagic, Survivor of Omarska concentration camp: “The guard put a knife in his mouth and started turning and he said bite. I heard him saying bite then I heard scream and then they started hitting him, they even started hitting this guy of 17, he was standing on the guy of 17 at that moment. Then they dropped him down and broke his fingers and at some point they called out a guy called Yukoovavich and they ordered him to bite the testicles of one of them, I don’t know maybe one of the other 3 guys I explained, I don’t know I just heard the screams. Me and my dad smoked our last 4 cigarettes in these (35 or 3-5 minutes). I remember I wanted to watch because somehow I knew I should be an eye witness to this I should see this, I should get up and see through the window but my dad stopped me and later he explained I didn’t want you to have traumas. I know many people saw this and told me this. They were forced to eat dead pigeons, they were forced to eat motor oil, they were all covered in oil and blood.”
Narration: This was not the only prison camp in the area. One of the most striking images from the war was of Fikret while he was being held in a concentration camp.
TIME CODE: 20:00_25:00
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Fikret Grabovica, President of the Association of families and children: “Here was a concentration camp, we were transferred from the concentration camp Keraterm on 5th August 1992 to this camp Trnopolje where they held women, children and elders. As well as those which they found not threatening so they used them for hard labour in Omarska and Keraterm. They took them and killed them. This was a death camp but they were saying that it was a shelter which is not true. This was a camp. On 14th August they prepared a convoy of 5 buses and 2 trucks to take the women, children and elders to the free territory. My brother and friends told me: “wear women’s clothes and try to get into the convoy, if you survive you survive but if you stay here you die” So I decided to escape with the women, children and elders. If I had stayed I would’ve been killed just as the others. They raped seven, ten, fourteen twenty year old girls and sixty year old women. They killed people of all ages, they let you leave the camp to get food and if you don’t return during the period they told you to return a sniper shot from this mosque. Meho Krajina who was shot by a sniper from that mosque is proof of that two young Garibovic men were killed here. Six Foric brothers who were taken away from this house were recently found in a mass grave. They killed those who went out of the camp and they still called it a shelter but that’s not true, it was a concentration camp. 5000-7000 Bosniaks Muslims and Croats went through this camp.”
Narration: There were others not so fortunate to escape the concentration camps. Emina’s father was murdered in a camp, she was only a child at the time.
SOUNDBITE [English] Emina Velic, Omer Fillipovic’s: “My father was here for a month and a half where he was repeatedly tortured and they beat him and they killed him in the end on the 28th of July 1992. My father was killed only because he was a Muslim and only because he was a cleaver man who didn’t want to think how others wanted him to do. And that’s why he was killed, he was brutally murdered. All the memories I have of my father are the good memories, I mean he was a great man, he was the professor of history and he taught me a lot, he was strong, he was big, he had a nice smile, a gentle hand. Everything I was feeling for twelve years and never again. The war is to blame for everything that happened to me and my family. I still feel angry, really angry and I’m really sad to be living without my father for twenty years, it’s hard, it’s hard.”
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Senad Omerika, Nevesinje Survivor: “As proof that genocide was committed in Nevesininje region in the period from 1992 to 1995 during the aggression against Bosnia and Herzegovina is the fact that only during the first 15 days in July. 301 Bosniaks were killed which is about 10% of the overall population and puts Nevesinje side by side with Srebrenica when it comes to the percentage of Bosniaks killed. Out of 301 persons killed in those 15 days, 26 were children. The youngest victim was a 7 year old baby and the four oldest were each 92. It means that the criminals didn’t choose the victims by gender or age. The only thing that mattered for them was ethnicity, that they were Bosniaks. They were killed in various ways and at different locations. The crime in Nevesininje is known for its brutality and maybe even the worst in the whole country, because people were executed publicly butchered in the city centre. Their ears were cut off, their eyes were gouged out, and their bodies were thrown into wells. They were burned alive and were taken to different concentration camps. Almost all the girls and women were raped.”
TIME CODE: 25:00_30:00
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Musan Sarancic, Nevesinje Survivor: “During an exhumation in 2005 my wife was found near Nevesinje, she was buried in the grave of Kata Komsic, she was given in exchange and a DNA test confirmed that it was her, Sabira Saranic. She was buried in Mostar in Sutina graveyard. Later we found out that the attack was reserve police forces. namely Karadjordie squad.They were all neighbours.
The Serbian guy who lead the attack told the women, “I was at your village, except 10 of us, the rest were your neighbours. You are good people, hardworking people, wealthy people but your neighbours have done all of these bad things to you.
During the separation I had a small brochure- like translation from the Quran which I had had with me for about ten years.
I gave the Quran to my wife and took off my wedding ring, wished her all the best and told her to take care of herself. I told her sister who was with her as well as the other women to be brave. “Take my wedding ring, take care and be brave. It will be ok.”
I hoped the women would survive. When I came to Mostar I found out that my mother and wife had been killed. After all I went through in June, I was even more devastated when I found out in August that they had been killed. My wife was 5 months pregnant so it was really painful. I was shook up whenever I saw a pregnant women, I still am.”
Narration: This is the historical bridge that leads to the centre of Visegrad
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Bilal Memisevik, President of the Visegrad municipal assembly: “War crimes were committed on this bridge on several occasions. We can characterise those crimes as genocide against the population of Visegrad. Torture and murder.
This is a place of pride and suffering of Bosniaks. In 1914, 1941, 1992 a great number of the Bosniaks from this area were killed here. Chief Imam Safet Efendija Karaman from Visegrad was killed and slaughtered on this bridge in July 1992. Hundreds of other Bosniaks killed, slaughtered and thrown into rivers; or killed somewhere, they were brought to here and thrown into Perucac Lake. My deepest belief is that all that happened from May until September in 1992 was a classic genocide. A crime against civilians, there was no army there. After that the armies had their front lines and trenches, that’s when the war started. But until then it was ethnic cleansing and persecution of Bosniaks from this area. It cannot be defined by any other term except genocide. How do you characterise two places where solely civilians were killed? 70 people in one house and 72 in another house. It’s those houses where the youngest victim was 2 years old and the oldest somewhat over 90. There was no army there, no conflicts, nothing. That was pure ethnic cleansing.”
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Smail Cekic, Director of Inst. for research of crimes against Humanity: “A special form of crime in Bosnia and Herzegovina wherein were even rape camps, we had such a case in Foca, in the east of Bosnia where there was a special unit whose only task was to commit that form of crime. There is a large number of raped women, and girls who were raped at that time. After all, it was a systematic crime which according to our research results was with genocide intentions. That was also one way of completely destroying a Bosniak women as a human being and ad as a Muslim. In a national sense, a women characterises one nation with a certain national, ethnic, religious background.”
TIME CODE: 30:00_35:00
Narration: Naila Ahmetoovic was 21 years old when she was raped by Bosnian Serb soldiers she returned for the first time in 20 years to the school where she and other women were held and raped
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Naila Ahmetoovic, Rape Victim: “This is my first time be here in front of this school and I feel like… all those memories. Thousands and thousands of women went through here. Only in my group, women from 55 villages were detained here. Packed like sardines, we slept on tiles. Actually we didn’t really sleep. People were taken away constantly and not returning. Some were beaten. They took women away every day. All women were raped here in this school. I will never forget the skeleton from the biology classroom where I ended up every day and every night. The Chetniks were stationed here next to the gas station. Long bearded ugly faces. Imagine when they stormed the school at midnight and cut off the power. You only hear screams. After an hour, they would give us hose to wash off the blood off our bodies. What do you think I feel here now? Every night we washed off blood here. They would give us a hose and we had to wash human blood every night. On St.Vitus Day, I escaped from this school. We found a couple of our women here. The army came and found us who were hidden in houses and brought us back to school. After they brought us back you can imagine what followed: tortures. It can not be described, I am a psychiatrist patient. I have been treated at the psychiatrist hospital for the last 7 years, Every night I go to sleep and every morning and wake up with the image of this building in my mind. That is something that cannot be cured. There’s no cure. It’s not something you can simply erase, you just can’t.”
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Enisa Salcinovic, President of the women’s section of the association of concentration camp survivors: “I knew him very well, even though he wasn’t born in Foca. He was from the countryside and I knew him for a long time. He was my husband’s co – worker for 7 years. I knew him from work because he also escorted prisoners who worked there to one part of the hospital. He would go that way every day. He greeted me normally because I knew him well. I knew him as Burilo who worked with my husband. Later I remembered that on one occasion he invited me for coffee while he was passing by. I told him “Sorry but I’m at work, I can’t, thanks for the invitation, but you should drink coffee with my husband”. He said “Oh yes you will, the time will come and I will do all of it.” I understand people do evil things but to go that far, having your parents in the kitchen and your children and mother in law in the other room. Not even allowing me to close the door, not allowing me to say a word. He held his hand here and I wasn’t allowed to utter even the loudest sound. You feel ashamed in front of your parents and children. Imagine our embarrassment. Another thing is the horrible fear. Can you imagine not being allowed to shut the door?”
TIME CODE: 35:00_40:00
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Enisa Salcinovic, President of the women’s section of the association of concentration camp survivors: “Not the front door or the bedroom door, nor any other doors. You mustn’t utter a single sound. You can hear a fly in the room and he is there. Your mother passes out in the other room. That’s horrible. One can’t even talk about it. Belgrade knew about this. How they imagined it, planned it in Belgrade. They carried it out in areas that they considered as theirs. That was especially East of Bosnia. that part. They wanted to destroy Muslim women, rather mentally than physically, to distress them. To leave women in a state where they can’t live or die. To make them sick, to make them unable of caring for children, family, anything. If they had wanted to kill us as they killed men in Srebrencia they would have killed us. But the silent killing or mental killing or killing a women’s pride that was a plan which they carried out there.”
Narration: Only one act of the war is recognised as genocide, Srebrenica. 8000 men and boys were murdered by Bosnian-Serb soldiers in what was supposed to be a U.N safe area. Saliha lost both of her sons and husband during the war. One of her sons died before the massacre in Srebrenica, this video shows how her husband was captured as he tried to escape the Serb forces in Srebrenica. He is forced to call out to his son and others hiding in the woods, this is the last time Ramo was seen alive.
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Saliha Osmanovic, Sarajevo Survivor: “I saw Maladic with my own eyes and not only me. A lot of us saw him. He told us, “You can survive or you can vanish.”
As i told this gentleman last night, you can either survive or disappear, said “Throw away everything you have” and “What could people of Srebrenica possible have?” We were expelled from Pordinje, we didn’t need anything. We didn’t have anything. We didn’t carry anything, he passed me like this. While I stayed in Jasenice I saw the newspaper. My brother in law brought them or got them from someone. I saw my husbands photo in the newspaper, I thought he will come, maybe he was somewhere far away or my son Nermin and that he will knock on my door, there were I lived, but he didn’t. Later I saw him on TV, when I saw him. I also saw him last night I couldn’t sleep. I was in Srebrenica yesterday, Srebencia is Srebrenica. I came back to be close to them, When we found them they didn’t want to tell me, to call me to inform me about finding them. They called my brother in law, I was in Tuzla visiting my sister in law, she was the wife of my last brother who died in Zivince. His daughter called me and told me, it was terrifying.”
Narration: As the Serbs over ran Srebrenica and the UN handed over the Muslims to the Serb forces, Maladic spoke to the people and reassured them but the reality was this massacre was planned with graceful precision. The Serb forces wanted to make sure that no man or boy would survive Srebencia.
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Hatidza Merajic, Sarajevo Survivor: “On 13th November 2007 at around 10am when I received a call and was told that one of my children was found the room around me turned black. I thought I was dreaming. But in 2007 when they informed me that they found one of my children I asked which one, they said they didn’t know because all his clothes were sent to The Hague as evidence in Court, The Hague Tribunal. So far 3 years I didn’t know which child was in question.”
TIME CODE: 40:00_43:42
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Hatidza Merajic, Sarajevo Survivor: “When they called me in 2010 that they found my other child, I asked which one is it and they said it was the older one. They found a piece of clothes under his belt which matched my description. The DNA test result confirmed that it was my older son. My husband was found in 2007, the remains where in a very bad state. Only 2 lefs, only 2 bones, nothing else was found. When I asked about my older sons remains, is it at least a whole? They told me it wasn’t unfortunately, the mass graves were destroyed, moved, hidden because the criminal wanted to cover up the crime and convince us that we didn’t have children.”
Narration: Srebrenica is the only act considered a genocide but as we have seen the same conditions, the same massacres, the same actions were carried out throughout the rest of Bosnia
SOUNDBITE [Bosnian] Amor Masovic, Sarajevo Survivor: “In my opinion, genocide took place beyond reasonable doubt. Sometimes it is very difficult to prove a genocide because there are no living witnesses. The criminals and commanders made sure to liquidate all possible witnesses. The only evidence of the genocide today are mass graves left by criminals. There is not a town, not a village, not even one in Bosnia and Hergenzia where in 1991 and 1992 where Bosnian Muslims, Bosniaks or Bosnian Croats lived where no one was killed. In some places its only 5 people, somewhere 500, somewhere over 10,000 or 15,000 as in my town of Sarjevo. But the fact is that in all the place where Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats lived liquidation mass persecution, extermination, destruction of religious, cultural, economic infrastructure and so on took place. So in my opinion there is no doubt, why did the International Court of Justice in The Hague did not confirm that this is so despite the submitted evidence. I believe that one day someone from that court will state why the court did not make a legal but a political decision instead.”
On screen: Over 100,000 killed
50,000 women raped
2.2 million people displaced
Bosnian genocide 1992 – 1995
Narration: Secret and sly like a Western spy, you’ll burn my home till all fall, and then you’ll say these dark words, this nest is done for now, This cursed cur slaine with pain, but by a miracle I will still dream, be here on Earth and from afar, I’ll let it be told this truth of mine, an erring and old.